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Holland Codes

All jobs can be described by one or more of the six Holland personality types; Realistic (R), Investigative (I), Artistic (A), Social (S), Enterprising (E), and Conventional (C). This is commonly abbreviated as RIASEC.

You can learn your Holland personality type combination by taking our free Career Test, available on our web portal. Virtually no one can be described as just one of the Holland personality types. Most people resemble a combination of the six personality types, so it is important that you identify your top three.

A CareerMe advisor can help you understand more about your personality combination, as a machine alone cannot do so. It requires human expertise. You can also try to determine what you think your top three personality categories are, on your own, by reading about each of the six personality types. Below is a diagram with the six Holland personality types and associated study areas within brackets.

You enjoy work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. You like outdoor activities and dealing with plants, animals, and real-world materials, like wood, tools, and machinery.

You prefer concrete rather than abstract problems. Most competent in: Mechanics. Typical realistic careers include mechanic, chef, engineer, police officer, athlete, pilot, soldier, and firefighter.

You enjoy work that involves solving complex problems. You like exploring ideas, conducting research and looking at theories. You prefer thinking over doing, and you prefer data and ideas to people. You are analytical, intellectual, observant and enjoy research, mathematical or scientific activities.

Most competent in: Science. Typical investigative careers include economist, computer scientist, psychologist, doctor, and pharmacist.

You enjoy work activities that deal with the artistic side of things, such as forms, designs, and patterns. You like self-expression in your work. You prefer settings where work can be done without following a clear set of rules. You are original, intuitive, imaginative and enjoy creative activities such as composing or playing music, writing, drawing or painting and acting in or directing stage productions.

People who fall into this category prefer flexibility, ambiguity and have an aversion to convention and conformity. Most competent in: Arts. Typical artistic careers include musician, artist, interior designer, graphic designer, actor, and writer.

You enjoy work activities that assist others and promote learning and personal development. You prefer to be with people rather than to work with objects, machines, or data. You like to teach, to give advice, to help, or otherwise be of service to people. You are humanistic, idealistic, responsible and concerned with the welfare of others. Social individuals prefer to work with people and enjoy participating in group activities and helping, training, healing, counselling or developing others.

You prefer to solve problems through discussions or rearranging relationships. Most competent in: Human Relations. Typical social careers include social worker, counsellor, occupational therapist, teacher, nurse, and librarian.

You enjoy work activities that have to do with starting up and carrying out projects, especially business ventures. You like leading people and making decisions. You enjoy activities that require you to persuade others, such as sales, and seek out leadership roles. You like taking risks for profit and prefer action rather than thought. Enterprising individuals are energetic, ambitious, adventurous, sociable and self-confident.

You are often interested in entrepreneurship, public speaking, politics, marketing, law, and business management. Most competent in: Leadership. Typical enterprising careers include business owner, lawyer, politician, school administrator, salesperson, real estate agent and judge.

You enjoy work activities that follow set procedures and routines. You prefer working with data and detail more than with ideas. You prefer work in which there are precise standards rather than make judgments. You like working where the lines of authority are clear.Conventional individuals are efficient, careful, conforming, organized and conscientious. They prefer to provide support to business and organizations by working with data, being organized, following and enforcing rules, and assuring quality. They are detail-oriented individuals who enjoy crunching numbers, running data, and performing clerical duties.

Most competent in: Business. Typical conventional careers include accountant, financial analyst, secretary, bank teller and clerk.

Most students do not have a complete knowledge of careers and what employers will expect from them. So, career guidance will be highly valuable in helping students pick the right career and understanding about the chosen career.

Anjana Kulasekara
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